There are many different paint brushes available. All of them are designed to work with different art supplies in different painting techniques and for different types of art projects.
There are 4 Main Parts of Paintbrush:
- The handle of the brush is the part of the tool that serves as a holder. Usually, the handle is made of wood or plastic. It can be varnished or not, sometimes the handle is made of bamboo. Its length depends on the type of brush and the purpose of its use. Long handles are useful for large canvases, while short handles are good for portable brushes.
- The ferrule is the auxiliary connecting element of the brush, designed to hold together its handle and bristles. It is most often made of metal, but plastic or wire can also be used. A good ferrule prevents the bristles from falling out, does not break or rust when exposed to water.
- The crimp is another element of the brush that has an exclusively auxiliary role. It connects the ferrule itself and the handles of the brush. Without disassembling the brush, it is practically invisible, since it merges with the ferrule. It is made from the same material as the ferrule.
- Bristles are actually the main working element of the brush. The bristles of the art brushes can be natural or synthetic; sometimes combinations of different materials are used. The toe of the bristle is the actual painting element, that part of the bristle that is in direct contact with the canvas; and the heel is the junction of the bristle and the ferrule to which it is attached.
Types of Artist Paint Brushes
Here are the main types of artist paint brushes as shown in the picture, from left to right:
1- wide flat (floz)
2,3 – oval
4 – flat
5 – round
6 – pointed round
7 – flat
8,9 – detailed round
1) Floz brushes. Their shape is wide enough to apply broad strokes to the canvas. This brush for painting is used for large projects, mostly with watercolors, sometimes with oil paints. Floz wide flat brush holds paint and water well and is suitable for soaking paper in preparation for watercolor projects.
2) Oval brushes are something in between round and flat brushes and are shaped like a cat’s tongue. It is convenient to paint with such a brush since it combines different properties. But for novice artists, it’s best to practice using the first two types of brushes to get started. Oval brushes often serve like flat brushes, but when used correctly can change the width of the brush stroke. This type of brush can blur the edges of objects and is also known as a filbert brush.
3) Round brushes. These tools are suitable for painting with gouache or acrylic paints, allowing you to paint over small design details. The most popular round brush, depending on the size, can perform different functions. A larger round brush is used to fill an object, a pointed round brush is suitable for finer work, and a detailed round brush can be used as a tool for miniature artwork or decorative purposes due to its thin nib.
4) Flat brushes. As a rule, artists use this type of painting brushes to paint over the entire canvas with paint, filling large pieces, sometimes in monochrome color. Flat brushes are more elastic, therefore they are used to paint over areas of paintings with a close-up of the object. It is convenient to work with flat brushes on a wide surface, to apply a background. These brushes come in both wide and narrow sizes. Short-haired flat brushes are also called contour brushes and are convenient for working in detail.